Solar System
There was a TV series from the BBC shown in 2010 called the "Wonders of the Solar System" which included the narratives in quotes below,
"Science is different to all the belief systems - you don't need faith in it, you can check that it works" That's Observational Science
"Thanks to a wonderful quirk of fate - the Sun is 400 times the diameter of the Moon and it is 400 times further away. This accidental arrangement of the Solar System, means we're living in exactly the right place to see a full Solar Eclipse." Wonderful quirk of fate or designed by God?
"Lumps of ice orbiting way beyond Pluto, in a cloud called the Oort cloud, objects still gravitationally bound to the Sun." The Oort cloud is a hypothesis to try and account for comets, but there is no direct evidence that it exists. The existence of the Oort cloud was stated as a fact in the program.
Describing the Sun's origin the Presenter said "It all began from, well, pretty much nothing" and referring to the end of the Sun's life cycle he said "Eventually it will shed it's outer layers, and all that will be left will be it's inner core, a faint cinder that will glow, well, pretty much till the end of time." Not very scientific statements!
"Saturn's rings are undoubtedly beautiful, and when you see those magnificent pictures from Cassini [the orbiting satellite] it's almost impossible to imagine that level of intricacy and beauty and symmetry could have emerged spontaneously, but emerge spontaneously it did" because the alternative is to believe in God.
"The Sun's atmosphere (the Corona) is strange ... through mechanisms that we don't yet fully understand, the Corona is much hotter than the surface. Here temperatures soar to over a million degrees Celsius, some 200 times hotter than the visible surface." Man's wisdom is so limited that we don't even understand our own Sun's atmosphere.
"5 billion years ago - the start of the Solar System - which was formed by a nebula, a giant cloud of gas and dust. Then, it is thought, that a supernova, the explosive death of a nearby star sent shock waves through the cloud, which caused it to coalesce and then spin due to the conservation of angular momentum. When the Sun ignited, it lit up the disc. In just a few hundred million years, the cloud had collapsed to form a star system. From chaos into order."
If this were true, the main bodies within the Solar System should share characteristics of composition and movement. However,
  • The planets are unique - very different from each other.
  • Sun is very different in composition to the inner planets.
  • All planets should rotate in the same direction - but Pluto and Venus rotate backwards, while Uranus is tipped on it's side, contravening the law of angular momentum
  • All moons should orbit in the same sense but 6 have backward orbits. Neptune, Saturn and Jupiter have moons orbiting in both directions.
  • Large gaseous planets like Jupiter and Saturn are difficult to explain
  • The Moon's elements are dissimilar to Earth's composition.