According to evolution, "transitional" animals must have existed, as one kind of animal evolves into
another, for example, fish into reptiles, or reptiles into birds. Darwin realised that to support the
concept of evolution, one would expect to discover transitional fossils of these animals. However, no
intermediate species have ever been identified, no gradual change has been observed. It is the case
that there are a handful of "unusual" fossils that are difficult to interpret and some claim these are
evidence of transitions, but the evidence is far from conclusive.
Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species p323 says,
"Intermediate links? Geology does not reveal any
such finely graduated organic chain; and this, perhaps, is the most obvious and serious objection
which can be urged against the theory [of evolution]"
If Darwin were alive today he would see that the fossil record still refuses to offer any evidence of an
intermediate or transitional form to support his theory of evolution from one kind of animal into another
"The absence of fossil evidence for intermediary stages ... has been a persistent and nagging
problem for ... evolution" Stephen Gould, Marxist Professor at Harvard, Evolution Now.
In reply to a question regarding evolutionary transitions, Dr Colin Patterson, Senior Paleontologist at
the British Museum replied "I fully agree with your comments about the lack of direct illustration of
evolutionary transitions in my book. If I knew of any, fossil or living, I would certainly have included
them ... I will lay it on the line - there is not one such fossil for which one could make a watertight
No ancestors are found for complex invertebrates (such as clams, snails, jellyfish, worms, found in
Cambrian rocks). They, in turn are said to have evolved into vertebrates such as fish, but there are no
Some fossils have been thought to be transitional, such as Archaeopteryx (see right), but it is a bird.
"The avian features of the skull demonstrate that Archaeopteryx is a bird rather than a feathered non-
avian archaeosaur" The Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, March 1996.
The fossil record indicates that each major group of animal appears abruptly and fully formed, which
remains consistent with a creation account.
There is also a distinct lack of human remains and there are question marks over the timeline for