Theistic Evolution
Theistic Evolution essentially means that God created but using evolutionary processes. This means that:
  • The Earth is very old
  • 6 "days" of creation are not literal
  • The description in Genesis is poetic and the actual order of creation was different
  • Mankind is old
  • God works through evolutionary processes
  • Millions of years of death and suffering before humans and sin entered the world
This raises some theological issues for Bible believing Christians. For example, the Bible says that death is the consequence of sin through one man in Romans 5:12 "Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned.". Yet the model of Theistic Evolution puts death before the Fall of Mankind so it cannot be the consequence of sin.
According to 1 Corinthians 15:26, death is an intruder into God's creation: "The last enemy to be destroyed is death."
Why would God take billions of years to evolve the Universe? He didn't need to, he could have created it in an instant. Neil Shubin an American Paleontologist estimated that if the Universe is 4.5 billion years old and this is scaled down to one hour, then animals existed in the last ten minutes and humans only in the last one hundredth of a second - which seems quite insignificant.
The Bible states that the whole point of the Universe is God's relationship with mankind - that mankind is the pinnacle of creation. Scholars of Hebrew agree that the intention of the Biblical language used in Genesis is to describe six literal days.
If God used "evolutionary processes" to create the Universe (millions of years of death and dying) how can He "restore everything" (Acts 3:21)? There wouldn't have been a time when everything was perfect - with no death, no pain, no suffering. Death is an ever-present within evolution, so how can there be restoration?
The idea of Theistic Evolution developed after Darwin, as the church compromised it's former belief and tried to add evolution to the Bible, replacing God's wisdom with Man's "wisdom" .
Theophilus of Antioch (AD 177) “There are not two myriads of myriads of years, even though Plato said such a period had elapsed between the deluge and his own time, . . . The world is not uncreated nor is there spontaneous production of everything, as Pythagoras and the others have babbled; instead the world is created and is providentially governed by the God who made everything. And the whole period of time and the years can be demonstrated to those who wish to learn the truth. The total number of years from the creation of the world is 5,695” “On the fourth day the luminaries came into existence. Since God has foreknowledge, he understood the nonsense of the foolish philosophers who were going to say that the things produced on earth came from the stars, so that they might set God aside. In order therefore that the truth might be demonstrated, plants and seeds came into existence before the stars. For what comes into existence later cannot cause what is prior to it”. (Ref Theophilus, 3.25,28 and 2.15)